Reporting Findings, Interpretation of Results and Writing the Discussion and Conclusion Part of the Dissertation and Thesis

The final part of the dissertation is the Discussion, conclusion and future recommendation / implications. This section requires understanding of statistical analytical terms such as mean, standard deviation, confidence interval, probability value, beta coefficient, confounders, moderators, reliability, validity, cronbach’s alpha, chisquare/cross tabulation, etc. Further this section needs to emphasize interpretation of findings with the existing literature and highlighting critically with results (similarity, differences and providing proper justification). Besides, research needs to provide appropriate recommendations, strengths and limitations in terms of the research design, sample size, questionnaire validity, etc while concluding the PhD Thesis.

At ProjectsPapers.Com, Mumbai, India, our experienced researchers have extensive knowledge in handling statistical tools and research methodology, will assists you in developing appropriate conclusion based on the results obtained. Our expertise will provide you justification for each and every line that has been included in your thesis and furnish you appropriate support as well.

Writing Dissertation and Thesis Conclusions

Conclusions are shorter sections of academic texts which usually serve two functions. The first is to summarise and bring together the main areas covered in the writing, which might be called "looking back"; and the second is to give a final comment or judgement on this. The final comment may also include making suggestions for improvement and speculating on future directions.

In dissertations and research papers, conclusions tend to be more complex and will also include sections on significance of the findings and recommendations for future work. Conclusions may be optional in research articles where consolidation of the study and general implications are covered in the Discussion section. However, they are usually expected in dissertations and essays.

Writing Dissertation and Thesis Discussions

The term discussion has a variety of meanings in English. In academic writing, however, it usually refers to two types of activity:

  • considering both sides of an issue, or question,
  • considering the results of research and the implications of these. Discussion sections in dissertations and research articles are probably the most complex in terms of their elements.

How to Write Dissertation Conclusions and Recommendations-Dissertation and Thesis Planning and Writing

The final stage and chapter in your dissertation research paper will be the concluding chapter that will include recommendations. These recommendation may or may not form an additional chapter to this should you be completing the dissertation and degree whilst still with your employer, as they will want to know that you have some recommendations for their organization. However, if you are like the majority of students writing a dissertation then you will consider that you will be writing a concluding chapter of your dissertation paper and making recommendations to the academic community for further research to be conducted on the matter.

When you are concluding the different parts of your dissertation project, you will want to understand that the reader should be reading a snapshot of the different aspects that are contained in your research of the project and the key findings that were realized and identified. You should also be reviewing these different parts to make sure you are covering them. However, this chapter of your work should be clean and crisp and should also get to the point straight away. You could further break the chapter down into a number of subsections:


where you will introduce the chapter to the readers and include such things as this chapter will review and summarize the dissertation research, identify the main methods used and discuss their implications in the study.

Problem statement and Methodology

in this part you will be presenting the problem statement as you have presented it in the first chapter (what was the problem and what did you want to achieve). You should then review the methodology, in detail, but without repeating anything that you have already said. You don’t want to draw on in this part and you should get right to the point, but you will need to understand that you will need to review the methodology so that it provides enough information to the reader about the methodology so that they don’t have to go and read this chapter independently.

Results of Summary

You should keep this section brief and identify the result with a general statement paragraph which it then followed by another paragraph that supports the evidence collected. You should avoid interpretation here and thus be objective about the results.

Discussion of Results

You should discuss the meaning of the results here, in brief, and highlight any important areas that you have identified. You should also look at the different things that the study means and how this is evaluated to the overall understanding in your dissertation.


these could be to your employer or to the academic community. You will want to keep this section brief and maybe to one paragraph or two, and explain what, from the research that has been conducted, there will be recommendations to the organizations or, if you are presenting to academia, then what further research should be conducted in the future. After you have seen the above it may become clear that it isn’t overly hard to establish the different parts of this chapter to round off your dissertation.

The Discussion section of your dissertation is one of the most important parts of a dissertation, and it's worth the most marks. As a consequence, you'll have to spend the most time on this bit. The discussion is important because it's where, among other things, you...

  • interpret and explain your results,
  • answer your research question,
  • justify your approach
  • critically evaluate your study.

Perhaps most importantly, the discussion is where you get to have your say and make your voice heard. The discussion is the place for critical writing. You need to think very carefully about what your results mean: don't just describe your results, explain them. It's your job to interpret your results for your readers, and your interpretation must be accurate and plausible.

You'll also need to critically analyse your work, recognising the limitations and shortcoming of your study and explaining how the work could be improved.

Writing Dissertation and Thesis –Results-Findings-References and Bibliography

In Phd thesis or Master’s dissertation referencing is an important part. We provide proper referencing format as per your request as our expertise has a rich experience in handling different referencing styles. References should be always selective, comprehensive, pertinent and accurate. For referencing style, you need to check with the university format, however, if not try to adhere to any one style of referencing.

The following are different format of referencing style. Harvard, APA, BMJ, Chicago, MHRA, MLA, OSCOLA, Oxford, Software, Turabian, Vancouver, IEEE, CSE (CBE), AGS, AGPS, AGLC

References from our database

Most of the student / research scholar suffer to get appropriate references from websites and moreover some student even difficult to identify appropriate / authenticated references. The sites like blogs, wikis are not usually recommended as a authenticated source for referencing. At ProjectsPapers.Com, in addition to referencing format, we also help you to get appropriate articles from our database.

Defense preparation or Public Viva Voce Examination

PhD Defence is a special occasion as all your years of work will be presented and justified within two hours of presentation. Hence more care should be taken on your presentations and other part of the challenge is to convince the external committee members. The PhD thesis presentation should include the following

  • Problem statement
  • Why is it important in current scenario and what’s the difference between present and past research
  • Findings of the study
  • Tools used (with proper referencing)
  • Publications, conferences attended if any should be included
  • Awards received as part of your research
  • Not more than 30 slides
  • Do not forget to include in-text references as this add value to your presentation
  • Do not read the slides as the committee presented are experts in your field
  • At last do not forgot to provide a slide on ‘Acknowledgement’

At ProjectsPapers.Com, we help you to provide appropriate power point slides and also help you in tutoring on how to defend your viva by providing you tips from your own thesis.

Writing Dissertation Discussion, Thesis Conclusion, Interpretation of Results, Research Findings and Executive Summary
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